Complex Care Conditions

Here you’ll find some of the most
common conditions that require
Complex Care at Home

Complex Care Conditions

Complex Care at Home can cover many diagnoses, situations and personal preferences of the person being cared for and supported.

Some of the more common complex conditions that could require Complex Care at Home are:

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is the most common disabling neurological disease in the UK with over 100,000 sufferers. Most people are diagnosed in their 30s, 40s and 50s, but symptoms may appear as early as your 20s or even your teenage years in some cases. The disease affects three times more women than men. It is a life-long condition that affects the brain, spinal cord, vision, balance and other basic functions. Some people may have mild symptoms that are easy to manage, while for others, the symptoms may be more severe, requiring additional support with routine tasks.

Motor Neurone Disease

Motor Neurone Disease is a rapidly-progressive disease that affects the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. It weakens muscles to the point that they will stop working. Symptoms include difficulty when walking, talking, gripping, breathing and swallowing. It can also cause difficulty with cognitive functions such as decision making and language. As the disease progresses you will need increasing support with everyday tasks and personal care.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a term used for a group of life-long conditions affecting movement and co-ordination which are mostly caused by damage to the brain during, or shortly after, birth. Symptoms usually start to show when a child reaches two or three years old. These symptoms can include delayed development, weak limbs, uncontrolled movements, walking on tip toes, vision problems or learning difficulties.

Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy is a term that covers around 60 rare muscle wasting conditions. In the UK about 1 in every 1,000 people has been diagnosed with a muscle wasting condition. Muscular Dystrophies are genetic conditions which weaken the muscles over time. Symptoms usually start with a specific group of muscles being affected, but over time it affects more muscles. Some types of Muscular Dystrophy affect the heart, or the muscles used for breathing. At this stage the condition becomes life-threatening.

Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s Disease is an inherited disease caused by a faulty gene. It results in damage to the nerve cells in the brain and gets progressively worse. It can affect functions such as movement, awareness, judgement, perception, balance, vision and behaviour. In the early stages of the disease symptoms including mood swings and lack of concentration can be over-looked, but as the disease progresses, they will gradually get more pronounced. The disease usually gets worse over a 10-15 year period from when it is diagnosed.


Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain and causes seizures. Epilepsy can start at any age, but the most common ages are either in childhood or in those over the age of 60. It is often a life-long condition but in some cases can get less severe over time or with medication. There are many types of seizures including collapsing, uncontrollable shaking, passing out, staring into space, or experiencing strange sensations. If seizures are very severe in duration or frequency, additional support may be required when carrying out personal care and day to day tasks.

Post Trauma/Acquired Brain Injury

Some people suffer a head injury during an accident such as a collision or fall, or after a seizure or other medical occurrence. These are called post trauma/acquired brain injuries. Resulting symptoms can be wide-ranging and to differing severities. They can include seizures, memory problems, change in behaviour, full or partial paralysis, poor co-ordination, difficulty walking or controlling limbs, difficulties eating/drinking, hearing or vision loss and confusion.  In some of these cases the symptoms may disappear over time, but in others they are life-long, requiring long term care and support.


Although you could have a stroke at any age, your risk of having a stroke doubles each decade after the age of 55. While some people who suffer a stroke go on to make a full recovery, others can suffer from widespread and long-lasting problems which require additional care and support. Lasting symptoms can include memory loss, confusion, loss of feeling or movement in one side of the body, depression, anxiety, panic attacks, difficulties talking or apraxia – the ability to carry out skilled activities such as making a cup of tea or getting dressed.



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